The value system of individuals involved in the work process is different depending on whether that work takes place in societies characterized by traditional (Redfield, 1963)[1], (Foster, 1965)[2], pre-industrial, or industrial culture (Zupanov, 1970)[3] as well as post industrial culture:

  • attitude to resources,
  • attitude to assets,
  • mode of production,
  • work ethics,
  • work discipline,
  • innovativeness,
  • management and
  • leadership


Societies are compelled to take an attitude towards the next six issues, and each of these reactions can impact some of the behaviors of the individuals involved in the work processes.

  1. The relation with nature  - attitude to resources
  2. The nature of people - attitude to assets
  3. The essence and mode of human activities - attitude towards mode of production
  4. Duty towards others                                 - work ethics and discipline, leadership
  5. Temporal orientation -  innovativeness and management
  6. Privacy of space               - management

Most values towards the current work process can be recognized in the behaviors rooted in the times of their establishment when the traditional or „herdsman" culture was typical. Knowing the roots of this practice provides the possibility to change the behavior and its representative individuals, and better adjust them to the modern time we live in.

The people need to be able to see how societies are reacted to understand issues such as the nature of people, the essence, and mode of human activities, duty towards others, temporal orientation as well as privacy of space and their impacts on the value system of individuals involved in the work process.

[1] Redfield, R. (1963) The Little Community: The Peasant Society and Culture, Chicago

[2] Foster, G.M., (1965) Peasant Society and the Image of Limited Good, American Anthropologists, Vol. 67, No 2;  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1525/aa.1965.67.2.02a00010/epdf

[3] Županov, J. (1970) Egalitarizam i industrijalizam, Naše teme; Vol.2